Category Archives: Atonement

The Impossible Possibility: Karl Barth on the Paradoxical Relation between Grace and Unbelief

In talking with someone about my recent post on why a commitment to universal atonement, at least as articulated by T.F. Torrance, does not entail a corresponding commitment to universal salvation, I was reminded of how counterintuitive this seems, especially to … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Doctrine of sin, Evangelical Calvinism, Karl Barth, Kingdom of God, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Sin and evil, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Universalism, Word of God | 2 Comments

Reforming Calvinism: Why Universal Atonement Does Not Entail Universal Salvation

In a post in which I explained T.F. Torrance’s contention that the traditional Calvinist doctrine of limited atonement implies a heretical Christology, specifically that of Nestorianism. Following Torrance, I argued that a fully orthodox Christology, resting on the twofold concept … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Classic Calvinism, Evangelical theology, Five points of Calvinism, Incarnation, Judgment of God, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Sin and evil, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Universalism, Vicarious humanity of Christ | 7 Comments

Reforming Calvinism: Why the Doctrine of Limited Atonement Implies a Heretical Christology

T.F. Torrance is known to have criticized the traditional Calvinist doctrine of limited atonement (i.e. that Christ died in an efficacious way only for the elect) on the basis of its implicit Nestorianism, the early Christological heresy, condemned by the … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Church history, Classic Calvinism, Election, Evangelical Calvinism, Five points of Calvinism, Heresy/Heterodoxy, Incarnation, Karl Barth, Orthodoxy, Patristic theology, Predestination, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Vicarious humanity of Christ | 10 Comments

“He Is Our Flesh”: John Calvin on the Saving Significance of the Incarnation

Sometimes when we think about Jesus Christ and his saving work, we can tend to lay so much emphasis on his death for our sins and resurrection for our justification (as Paul puts it in the last verse of Romans 4) … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Creeds, Devotional, John Calvin, Love of God, Patristic theology, Reformed theology, Soteriology, Vicarious humanity of Christ, Worship | 4 Comments

No Rational Sin: T.F. Torrance on the Error of Universalism

Anyone who has read T.F. Torrance to any extent knows that he was an ardent exponent of universal atonement and of Christ-conditioned election which vicariously includes all humanity. The common objection to these doctrines is that they inevitably lead to … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Biblical interpretation, Doctrine of sin, Election, Predestination, Reformed theology, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Universalism | 1 Comment

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Bruce McCormack on Limited Atonement vs. Universal Salvation

Typically when we encounter passages in Scripture that seem to stand in tension, we instinctively try to find a way to alleviate that tension. Nowhere is this more evident than in relation to the tension we feel between the texts … Continue reading

Posted in Apostle Paul, Atonement, Biblical interpretation, Bruce McCormack, Classic Calvinism, Confessions, Dialectical theology, Five points of Calvinism, Judgment of God, Reformed theology, Theological methodology, Universalism

The Wrath of the Lamb (T.F. Torrance on Revelation 6)

Revelation 6:12-17 When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood, and the stars of the sky fell to the earth … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Devotional, Eschatology, Judgment of God, Love of God, Preaching, Prophets & prophecy, Revelation, T.F. Torrance | 3 Comments

The Evangelical Calvin: Vicarious Humanity Edition

Following my post on the doctrine of the vicarious humanity of Christ, I thought it opportune to offer another installment of ‘The Evangelical Calvin’, this time in relation to – you guessed it – the vicarious humanity of Christ. As … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Evangelical Calvinism, Gospel, John Calvin, Justification, Reformed theology, Righteousness of God, Sanctification, Soteriology, Union with Christ, Vicarious humanity of Christ

Creeds, Confessions, and Evangelical Calvinism

Recently on Facebook someone asked me about how Evangelical Calvinism understands its relationship to the historic creeds and confessions of the church. I responded by writing (in a slightly modified form): In terms of creeds and confessions, I would follow … Continue reading

Posted in Athanasius, Atonement, Classic Calvinism, Confessions, Creeds, Evangelical Calvinism, Federal theology, Orthodoxy, Patristic theology, Personal, Reformed theology, Soteriology

How to Preach the Gospel Evangelically

One of the hallmarks of Evangelical Calvinism is that it relentlessly seeks to think and speak about God exclusively in an evangelical way. This does not mean that it derives its thinking and speaking from popular evangelicalism. Rather, it means that it endeavours … Continue reading

Posted in American evangelicalism, Assurance, Atonement, Christology, Election, Evangelical Calvinism, Evangelical theology, Gospel, Grace of God, Love of God, Predestination, Protestant theology, Reformission, Soteriology, Union with Christ, Vicarious humanity of Christ