Category Archives: Incarnation

An Ocean of Love Unspeakable: Martin Luther’s Rediscovery of Christ’s Centrality (Reformission Monday)

It is Martin Luther week here at Reformissio! Last week I had the privilege (and fulfillment of a long-time desire) to visit Wittenberg, the home of Martin Luther and the birthplace of the Reformation. Living in Europe has its perks, one … Continue reading

Posted in Apostle Paul, Christology, Church history, Five Solas, Gospel, H.R. Mackintosh, Incarnation, Martin Luther, Mission & evangelism, Protestant theology, Protestantism, Reformation, Reforming Catholicism, Reformission, Roman Catholicism, Scholasticism, Theologia crucis | 2 Comments

The Final Word: H.R. Mackintosh on Jesus Christ as Revelation Made Flesh

Why is it that, as claimed by John Calvin, T.F. Torrance, Karl Barth, and many others, Jesus Christ is the definitive revelation of God, the Word revealed to which the Word written attests in its whole and in all of … Continue reading

Posted in Christology, H.R. Mackintosh, Image of God, Incarnation, Knowledge of God, Revelation, Word of God

Christ As Savior Before Creator: H.R. Mackintosh on the Significance of the Post-Resurrection Perspective of the Apostolic Witness

As I work my way through Scottish theologian H.R. Mackintosh’s magisterial work on The Doctrine of the Person of Jesus Christ, I continue to be illuminated and blessed by the riches that he was able to mine from the depths of the biblical … Continue reading

Posted in Apostle Paul, Biblical interpretation, Christology, Doctrine of God, Election, H.R. Mackintosh, Incarnation, Predestination, Reformed theology, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Trinity | 5 Comments

Reforming Calvinism, pt. 21: Irresistible Grace (The Logic of Hell)

In this final post on reforming Calvinism’s doctrine of irresistible grace, I arrive at a burning question—perhaps the burning question—that constitutes for many the deal-breaker when it comes to an evangelical reworking of Reformed soteriology. With its emphasis on the “one-for-all” dynamic of … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Classic Calvinism, Doctrine of sin, Election, Evangelical Calvinism, Five points of Calvinism, Incarnation, Judgment of God, Love of God, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Sin and evil, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Universalism | 2 Comments

Toward a Kataphysic Missiology: T.F. Torrance on Developing a “Scientific” Approach to the Task of Mission (Reformission Monday)

Reformission Monday is the time when I pause from writing in reformission to reflect on reformission itself. Reformission aims at fulfilling the church’s commission through reformation and renewal, bringing the gospel of Jesus Christ to bear on every sphere of human thought, … Continue reading

Posted in Christology, Gospel, Incarnation, Missiology, Mission & evangelism, Preaching, Reformission, Revelation, T.F. Torrance, Theological methodology, Theological science, Word of God | 1 Comment

Reforming Calvinism: Why Universal Atonement Does Not Entail Universal Salvation

In a post in which I explained T.F. Torrance’s contention that the traditional Calvinist doctrine of limited atonement implies a heretical Christology, specifically that of Nestorianism. Following Torrance, I argued that a fully orthodox Christology, resting on the twofold concept … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Classic Calvinism, Evangelical theology, Five points of Calvinism, Incarnation, Judgment of God, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Sin and evil, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Universalism, Vicarious humanity of Christ | 7 Comments

God Was In Christ: Karl Barth on the Significance of God’s Being in his Act of Reconciliation

While explaining, in a recent post, why T.F. Torrance considered the traditional Calvinist doctrine of limited atonement to involve an implicit heretical Christology (Nestorianism, to be precise), I touched on the critical importance of Scripture’s affirmation that “God was in Christ … Continue reading

Posted in Apostle Paul, Christology, Five points of Calvinism, Gospel, Heresy/Heterodoxy, Incarnation, Karl Barth, Love of God, Reformed theology, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Trinity

Reforming Calvinism: Why the Doctrine of Limited Atonement Implies a Heretical Christology

T.F. Torrance is known to have criticized the traditional Calvinist doctrine of limited atonement (i.e. that Christ died in an efficacious way only for the elect) on the basis of its implicit Nestorianism, the early Christological heresy, condemned by the … Continue reading

Posted in Atonement, Christology, Church history, Classic Calvinism, Election, Evangelical Calvinism, Five points of Calvinism, Heresy/Heterodoxy, Incarnation, Karl Barth, Orthodoxy, Patristic theology, Predestination, Reformed theology, Reforming Calvinism, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance, Vicarious humanity of Christ | 10 Comments

To You is Born a Savior: Martin Luther on the Good News of Great Joy

On Christmas day in the year 1530, Martin Luther preached a powerful sermon in which he reflected on the infinite treasures contained in the “good news of great joy” proclaimed to the shepherds near Bethlehem. As Luther made abundantly clear, it … Continue reading

Posted in Assurance, Church history, Devotional, Gospel, Incarnation, Love of God, Martin Luther, Preaching, Protestant theology, Reformation, Roman Catholicism | 2 Comments

The New Reformation: T.F. Torrance on Retrieving the Nicene and Protestant Pattern of Reform for Today

In a series of recent posts I examined the question “Is the Reformation over?” from a variety of angles and, in each case, I gave a resounding “No!” as the answer. When I say that the Reformation is not over, I … Continue reading

Posted in Christology, Creeds, Five Solas, Grace of God, Holy Spirit, Homoousion, Incarnation, John Calvin, John Knox, Orthodoxy, Patristic theology, Protestant theology, Reformation, Reformed theology, Reforming Catholicism, Reformission, Roman Catholicism, Soteriology, T.F. Torrance | 2 Comments